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Posted on Monday, July 18, 2011 by info
HUMMER Car Models
• H3T Alpha
• HX Concept
• H3 Wagon Concept
• H3 Alpha
• H2 -
• H3 Open Top
• H3X • H3R Off Road Concept
• H2 Safari Concept
• H2 SUT Limited Edition
• H1 Alpha
• H3 Street
• H2 SUT
• H2 SUT Concept
• H2H Hydrogen Concept
• Humvee Military Vehicle
• H3T Concept
• H2 with GM Accessories
• H2 SUV
• H2 SUT Dirt Sport Concept
• H2 SUV Concept
• H1 10th Anniversary Edition
• H1 Alpha ConceptSX V6
Hummer is a brand of off-road vehicles sold by General Motors (GM). The original Hummer H1 was based on the military High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV, or Humvee). However, the Hummer H2 and the Hummer H3 were based on other, smaller civilian-market vehicles.
Hummers were originally built by AM General Corporation, which was formerly AMC Jeep's General Products division, in its Mishawaka, Indiana assembly plant. They were created under a contract for the United States armed forces. The first model, the Hum-Vee, was built in a variety of military-based equipment and versions. These included troop carriers, gun turrets and radar. The U.S. military, on receiving their quota, have adapted some of the vehicles, including modifications to facilitate a directional microwave crowd control beam (Active Denial System).
AM General began to make plans to sell a civilian version of the vehicle after the military model received so much public interest in the late 1980s. In 1990, two matching white Hum-Vees were driven from London to Beijing over the rough roads of central Soviet Union. The Hummers made the trip with ease, for they were built to drive on off-road terrain. The highlights of this journey were broadcast in the United States on ESPN. This publicity would pale in comparison to the attention that the Hum-Vee received for its service in Operation: Desert Storm the following year. Also, a privately-owned Hum-Vee was modified into the first Snow-Vee, including the addition of caterpillar tracks, a new rear compartment and a new engine. This vehicle was designed for use in and just below the Arctic Circle, and the Antarctic.
In 1992, AM General began selling a civilian version of the M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV or Hum-Vee) vehicle to the public under the brand name "Hummer".
In 1998, AM General sold the brand name to General Motors, but continued to manufacture the vehicles. GM is responsible for the marketing and distribution of all Hummers produced by AM General. In the next few years, GM introduced two new homegrown models, the H2 and H3, and renamed the original vehicle H1. AM General continued to build the H1 until it was discontinued in 2006, and is contracted by GM to produce the H2. The H3 is built in Shreveport, LA alongside the Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon pickups, with which it shares the GMT-355 platform (custom modified and designated GMT-345).
By 2006, the Hummer also began to be exported and sold through importers and distributors in 33 countries. On 10 October 2006, GM began producing the Hummer H3 at its Port Elizabeth plant in South Africa for international markets. The Hummers built there at first were only left-hand drive, but right-hand drive versions were added and exported to Australia and other markets.
The H2 is also assembled in Kaliningrad, Russia, by Avtotor, starting in June 2004. The plant produces a few hundred vehicles annually, and its output is limited to local consumption (five dealers in Russia initially).
On June 3, 2008, one day prior to GM's annual shareholder meeting, Rick Wagoner, GM's CEO at that time, said the brand is being reviewed, and has the possibility of either being sold, having the production line completely redesigned, or being discontinued. This is due to the decreasing demand for large SUVs as a result of higher oil prices. Almost immediately after the announcement, a pair of Indian automakers, including Mahindra & Mahindra, expressed interest in purchasing all or part of Hummer.
On February 17, 2009, GM announced that it would decide by March 31, 2009, whether to sell off or eliminate the Hummer. However, the announcement has been delayed. As of April 2009, the company has no plans to continue the nameplate after the 2010 model year.
GM President Fritz Henderson stated several interested parties approached GM regarding the Hummer business.
On April 5, 2009, Société de Participation Financière Eidos Canada Inc. made an unsolicited bid for Hummer.
On June 1, 2009, as a part of the General Motors bankruptcy announcement, the company revealed that the Hummer brand would be discontinued. However, the following day GM announced that instead it had reached a deal to sell the brand to an undisclosed Chinese company. On 2 June 2009, CNN and The New York Times identified the buyer of the Hummer truck unit as China-based Sichuan Tengzhong Heavy Industrial Machinery Company. Later that day, Sichuan Tengzhong confirmed the sale on their own website.
On June 26, 2009 Chinese state radio announced that the bid by Sichuan Tengzhong to buy Hummer would be blocked on environmental grounds and that the National Development and Reform Commission would also block the bid as Sichuan Tengzhong "lacks expertise in car production". Tengzhong was expected to keep HUMMER a U.S.-based company. Though an exact location had not been selected, HUMMER global headquarters would have been in the United States. Under the terms of the agreement, Tengzhong would have initially contracted production and major components to General Motors.
GM's sale of HUMMER to Tengzhong would not have included any HUMVEE military technology, since HUMVEE technology and production are owned exclusively by AM General, not General Motors.
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